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江苏省常熟市2020-2021学年高二下学期英语期中考试试题

作者UID:9673734
日期: 2021-09-21
期中考试
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Like most couples, my husband and I dreamed of becoming homeowners. Sure, apartment living comes with its own set of advantages—less housework, shared comfort, less to clean up and care for, and usually cheaper rent. As a result, we decided to downgrade from our neat five-bedroom, 2,700-square-foot house on the water to a three-bedroom, 1,369-square-foot apartment, with two kids.

Once we arrived in our new apartment, we were surprised to find that things flowed relatively smoothly. There was so much less to keep up with—fewer floors to mop, fewer windows to clean, fewer walls to wipe, etc. Now I think of our home as our little playhouse, since it's much smaller and everything is closer together. That also makes it so much easier for me to keep up with as a mom. I collect laundry all on one floor comparing with having to climb stairs to the house's second floor!

In our new home, we use lots of shoe organizers inside of every closet door for more than just shoes—baby items, office items, and medicines. We also have a functional room that serves as an office and gym. Since both my husband and I work from home, we require at least one room to share as an office with fitness equipment fitted into a corner.

While many people choose to downsize for financial reasons, that actually wasn't a factor in our decision. We wanted to be in a lively area with like-minded young families. That was our first priority. Though we may still buy another house in this area at some point down the line, for now, we're thrilled with the concept of renting an apartment. Let me put it this way: We're not really the "handy" types, so being able to call maintenance(维修)for any repairs is worth every rent coin!

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Did you know roughly one third of food for human consumption goes to waste? Most of it is fresh fruit and vegetables that go bad. The produce dries out or goes bad, which has led scientists to develop ways of coating or sealing the food to keep it fresher for longer. Now research at Rice University reveals there might be a better way.

Scientists discovered that dipping produce like strawberries and bananas into an egg-based wash is remarkably good for preserving it. The coating is extremely thick, and made from a mixture of powdered egg whites and yolks (70%), and some wood-sourced cellulose to act as a barrier preventing water loss.

What the scientists found was that the egg wash made a significant difference in helping produce stay fresh over a two-week observation period. The appearance of the coated fruits and vegetables didn't change much, while the uncoated produce ripened and. even rotted within the same time frame. The egg-based coating, as it turned out, reduced each fruit's chance to get exposed to oxygen.

The non-poisonous coating was found to be flexible and tests showed that it was just as tough as other products, including synthetic films, used in produce packaging. For anyone with an egg allergy, the coating can be removed by thorough washing in water and is tasteless.

The scientists hope this could be a breakthrough in the fight against food waste. "Reducing food shortages in ways that are not related to genetic modification, uneatable coatings or chemical additives is important for better sustainable living ,"said materials scientist and study author Pulickel Ajayan.

What's great about this discovery is that it fights food waste in more than one way: even the coating was made from eggs that would otherwise have beendiscardedbecause they weren't fit for consumption. The researchers said roughly 200 million of US produced eggs go to waste annually. So if this were scaled up, it could be a win-win situation all around.

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。

Professional courses, such as Masters in International Business or MIB, have been taken by many students in the last two decades. They are choosing new-age non-conventional courses that guarantee a better future. MIB is a specialized course that teaches the international business. There are valid reasons for so much popularity of MIB course.

The course content and teaching methods of MIB are quite different from a normal MBA or Master of Business Administration. It has been designed with the sole objective of developing professionals with an in-depth understanding and knowledge of the international trade. The course offers various advantages over the conventional MBA degree course.

The massive increase in the international business and foreign trade gives excellent job prospects(前景) to the new generation. Acquiring a degree of MIB offers outstanding growth of job opportunities. Those who want to pursue in the field of marketing also have a good future after completing the degree from a reputed MIB college. Big multinational organizations look for talented people who can handle the job profile of International Marketing Manage, and people with MIB degrees are preferred. The profile needs an in-depth understanding of the overseas markets, because it is the strategic post from the perspective of company's international business growth.

Since business finance and economics are covered at length in the curriculum of MIB, students have great job offers in the field of finance as well. Typically, organizations offer the profile of international finance controllers to those who complete MIB with the specialization of finance. The specialization covers aspects of international taxes, accounts, budgeting and so on. People in this field are well-paid, and growth prospects are unlimited. After completing degree course from a reputed MIB college, there is a good scope in the banking and finance sector as well. International banks appoint people who have an excellent grasp over the international banking policies, currency exchange, and international policies. Thus, MIB is the golden key to success with brilliant job opportunities in national and multinational sectors.

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Most people know how to manage, express, and cope with emotions in a healthy way. ________ In fact, knowing how to regulate emotions is important for everyone. But what is emotion regulation, and how can you improve your emotion regulation skills?

________ Many researchers view emotion regulation as the ability to enhance or reduce your emotions as needed. Others define it as a set of skills that help keep your emotional system healthy and functioning. We can learn to adjust what emotion we have, how intense it is, when we have it, and how we react to it. The defining aspect of emotion regulation is that it occurs when a goal is activated.

Goals are highly individual. They're what we picture in our heads. Your goals can be activated by your environment. You may regulate your emotions to influence a change in someone else. ________ For instance, when your boss treats you poorly at work, you act as if it doesn't bother you because you're hoping for a job promotion.

Mindfulness is the practice of being present in the moment. Mindful people learn to be aware of the breaths they take, the tension in their muscles, and even their pulse rates. They can objectively observe themselves in difficult moments, confident that even these times will pass. ________

In and of themselves, emotions are not good or bad, though they may be scary, especially when they're intense. ________ But the more you do it, the more natural it becomes. Mindfulness skills can help with this too.

A. Learning how to accept your emotions takes practice.

B. Being mindful can help you to deal with your emotions.

C. There is no one agreed-upon definition of emotion regulation.

D. Emotion regulation goals vary strongly from situation to situation.

E. For some people, though, emotion regulation is much more difficult.

F. Emotion regulation refers to the ability to control one's own emotions.

G. Sometimes you may regulate your emotions to achieve another end goal.

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阅读下面材料,根据其内容和所给段落开头语续写两段,使之构成一篇完整的短文。

Devi looked through the observation window at the kids below, all waiting in line to get into the pool. She turned to her mother with a furious frown on her face. "Mom, they're all little kids! I'm 15 already! This is ridiculous!"

"I know, Devi," replied her mother, "but you're a beginner, too, and you have to start somewhere!"

Devi had never been to a swimming lesson in her life. Between schoolwork and helping on her grandfather's farm, she hadn't had time for lessons. The closest swimming pool Devi had been to was the alligator pool her mother bought her when she was five. Now that Devi was older, her mother had found a new jo b in the city, and Devi faced a new challenge—school field trips to the local pool.

The first day that Devi went with her class to the pool, she had no idea what she was in for. What could be so difficult about swimming? Devi confidently slipped into the water and held onto the side of the pool, expecting to be able to touch the bottom with her feet. But when Devi let go of the side of the pool, she slipped under the water—the whole pool was one big deep end! Devi threw her arm toward the side of the pool and grabbed the ledge (池壁), out of breath. "I really can't swim! Everyone's going to laugh at me!" she thought to herself in a panic.

On the next field trip to the pool, Devi sat on the side on a bench, paralyzed with fear. She huddled with a towel over her shoulders, too embarrassed to try again. When she came home, her mother noticed right away that Devi was upset. "Honey, I've signed you up for Angela's swimming lessons at the local pool. Soon you'll learn how to swim just like everyone else," she assured Devi, showing photos of Angela with her prize-winning students.

注意:

1)所续写短文的词数应为 150 左右;

2)每段的开头语已为你写好;

Paragraph 1

Then came the time for Devi to take her first lesson.

Paragraph 2

Soon Angela came over to where Devi sat and introduced herself.

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